The Nissan Micra is a small car that has been around for a while. It was first created back in the early 1980s. Since then, it has gone through several generations. Each generation has brought some improvements and changes to the model. The features of the Micra can vary depending on the specific generation and trim level, but overall it’s known for its compact size, fuel efficiency, and affordability. It’s a popular choice for people looking for a small and practical car.
- 1 Is it necessary to change the oil?
- 2 Visual assessment of engine oil condition
- 3 Preparing to change engine oil
- 3.1 Type of oil for a car
- 3.2 Choosing oil based on season and operating conditions
- 3.3 Advantages and disadvantages of different types of oils for Nissan Micra
- 3.4 Engine oil selection
- 3.5 Which oil filter is right for you
- 3.6 Necessary tools and conditions
- 3.7 How to warm up the engine before changing the oil
- 4 Step-by-step instruction
- 5 Replacing transmission fluid in automatic transmission
- 6 Possible questions after self-service – FAQ
Is it necessary to change the oil?
If you need to urgently change your oil, it’s best to do it as soon as possible. Regular oil changes are important for the health and performance of your engine. If you notice any signs of low oil pressure or engine overheating, it’s even more crucial to get the oil changed immediately.
Frequency of changing engine oil
Generally, it’s recommended to change the engine oil every 3,000 to 5,000 miles or every 3 to 6 months, whichever comes first. However, the frequency can vary depending on your driving habits and the type of oil you use. For example, if you do a lot of stop-and-go driving or drive in extreme conditions, you may need to change the oil more frequently. It’s always best to refer to your car’s owner manual for the specific recommendations.
Checking the engine oil level
Checking the engine oil level involves verifying the amount of oil present in the engine to ensure it is at an appropriate level. It is important to check the oil level periodically as part of regular vehicle maintenance. Here’s how you can do it:
- Park your vehicle on a level surface and ensure the engine is turned off.
- Open the hood of your car and locate the dipstick, which is usually marked with a bright-colored handle and labeled “Engine Oil.”
- Remove the dipstick from its tube by pulling it out.
- Wipe the dipstick clean using a cloth or paper towel to remove any existing oil.
- Reinsert the dipstick fully back into its tube.
- Pull out the dipstick again and observe the oil level on the end of the dipstick.
- The dipstick will have markings indicating the minimum and maximum oil levels. The oil level should ideally be between these two marks.
- If the oil level is below the minimum mark or significantly low, you may need to add oil to bring it up to the proper level. Consult your vehicle’s owner’s manual for the recommended oil type and the correct procedure for adding oil.
A study conducted by General Motors (GM) in 1974 showed that lengthening the engine oil-change interval could reduce the frequency of automotive maintenance, the amount of oil required to service the car population, and the potential pollution problem resulting from the disposal of used oil.
Checking the engine oil level periodically is important for several reasons:
- Lubrication: Engine oil lubricates various components within the engine, preventing excessive friction and wear. Maintaining the proper oil level ensures effective lubrication and helps extend the life of engine parts.
- Cooling: Oil helps dissipate heat generated by the engine. Insufficient oil can lead to overheating and potential damage to engine components.
- Monitoring Oil Consumption: By checking the oil level regularly, you can monitor the rate at which your engine consumes oil. If you notice a significant decrease in oil level between checks, it may indicate an underlying issue that requires attention.
- Early Detection of Problems: Visual inspection of the oil level can reveal signs of oil leaks or excessive oil consumption, which may indicate mechanical issues or malfunctioning components. Detecting problems early can prevent more extensive damage and costly repairs.
Visual assessment of engine oil condition
A visual assessment of engine oil involves examining its appearance to determine its condition. You can perform a simple visual inspection to get an idea of the oil’s health. Here’s how you can do it:
- Park your vehicle on a level surface and ensure the engine is off.
- Open the hood and locate the dipstick for checking the engine oil level.
- Remove the dipstick and wipe it clean with a cloth or paper towel.
- Reinsert the dipstick fully and then remove it again.
- Observe the color and consistency of the oil on the dipstick.
During the visual assessment, you should look for the following indicators:
- Color: Fresh engine oil is typically amber or light brown in color. As it ages and accumulates contaminants, it becomes darker.
- Consistency: The oil should have a smooth and uniform texture. If it appears gritty or contains metal particles, it may indicate potential engine problems.
- Clarity: Clean engine oil is transparent or slightly translucent. If the oil appears cloudy or murky, it may suggest the presence of contaminants or water contamination.
- Odor: Fresh engine oil usually has a mild petroleum smell. If you detect a burnt or strong odor, it could signify issues with the engine or oil breakdown.
Preparing to change engine oil
Before changing the engine oil, you’ll need to gather the necessary tools and materials. This typically includes a wrench or socket set, an oil filter wrench, a drain pan, a new oil filter, and the appropriate type and amount of oil. It’s also a good idea to have gloves, safety glasses, and a funnel.
Type of oil for a car
The type of oil you should use for your car depends on the specific recommendations provided by the manufacturer. It’s important to use the oil viscosity and specification that is recommended for your particular vehicle. This information can usually be found in the owner’s manual or on the oil cap.
Choosing oil based on season and operating conditions
When choosing oil based on the season and operating conditions, you’ll want to consider the recommended viscosity range for your car. Thicker oils, such as 10W-30 or 10W-40, are generally suitable for warmer temperatures, while thinner oils, such as 5W-30 or 5W-20, are better for colder temperatures. Additionally, if you regularly drive in extreme conditions, such as towing heavy loads or driving in hot climates, you may need to use oil with a higher viscosity to provide better protection for your engine. It’s always best to consult the owner’s manual or seek professional advice for specific recommendations.
Advantages and disadvantages of different types of oils for Nissan Micra
Different types of oils for the Nissan Micra have their own advantages and disadvantages. Here are some general considerations:
- Conventional Oil:
- Advantages: Widely available, affordable.
- Disadvantages: Less resistant to high temperatures, may require more frequent oil changes.
- Synthetic Oil:
- Advantages: Offers better protection and performance, can withstand higher temperatures, longer oil change intervals.
- Disadvantages: More expensive than conventional oil.
- Synthetic Blend Oil:
- Advantages: Combines some benefits of both conventional and synthetic oils, offers good protection and performance.
- Disadvantages: May not provide the same level of performance as full synthetic oil.
Engine oil selection
Here’s a table with engine oil selection for Nissan Micra of all generations:
|Generation||Engine||Suitable Oil Viscosity||Popular American Brands||Required Amount|
|1 (1982-1992)||1.2L, 1.3L||10W-30||Valvoline ($23/5 quart), Pennzoil, Mobil 1 ($27/5 quart)||3.5 quarts|
|2 (1992-2002)||1.0L, 1.3L||5W-30||Castrol ($27/5 quart), Quaker State, AMSOIL||3.7 quarts|
|3 (2002-2010)||1.2L, 1.4L||5W-40||Valvoline European ($30/5 quart)||4.2 quarts|
|4 (2010-2017)||1.2L, 1.5L||0W-20||Mobil 1 ($29/5 quart), Pennzoil ($24/5 quart)||4.8 quarts|
|5 (2017-present)||0.9L, 1.0L||5W-30||Mobil 1 ($27/5 quart)||4.5 quarts|
Please note that the article numbers and costs are approximate and can vary.
Which oil filter is right for you
Here’s a table with oil filter selection for Nissan Micra of all generations:
|Generation||Engine||Popular USA Brands|
|1 (1982-1992)||1.2L, 1.3L||Fram ($5), Purolator, Bosch|
|2 (1992-2002)||1.0L, 1.3L||WIX, AC Delco, Fram ($5), Motorcraft|
|3 (2002-2010)||1.2L, 1.4L||Mann, K&N, Hastings, Fram ($9)|
|4 (2010-2017)||1.2L, 1.5L||Mobil 1, Bosch, FRAM ($5)|
|5 (2017-present)||0.9L, 1.0L||Purolator ($10), ACDelco, Denso|
Necessary tools and conditions
To prepare for an independent engine oil change for the Nissan Micra, you will need the following tools and conditions:
- Wrench or socket set
- Oil filter wrench
- Drain pan
- Clean cloth or paper towels
- Safety glasses
- Park the car on a level surface
- Ensure the engine is cool
- Have the necessary amount and type of engine oil
- Have a new oil filter ready
- Have proper disposal methods for the old oil
How to warm up the engine before changing the oil
To properly warm up the engine before changing the oil, you can follow these steps:
- Start the engine and let it run idle for about 5 to 10 minutes.
- This allows the engine oil to reach operating temperature and become less viscous.
- Warming up the engine helps the oil flow more freely during the draining process.
Here’s a step-by-step instruction for changing the Nissan Micra engine oil on your own:
- Warm up the engine by following the steps mentioned above.
- Park the car on a level surface and turn off the engine.
- Locate the oil drain plug underneath the engine.
- Place the drain pan under the drain plug.
- Using the wrench or socket set, loosen the drain plug and carefully remove it.
- Allow the old oil to drain completely into the pan.
- Once the oil has drained, clean the drain plug and reinstall it securely.
- Locate the oil filter, which is usually on the side of the engine.
- Use the oil filter wrench to remove the old oil filter.
- Before installing the new oil filter, apply a thin layer of fresh oil to the rubber gasket on the filter.
- Install the new oil filter by hand, tightening it according to the manufacturer’s instructions.
- Double-check that the drain plug and oil filter are properly installed and tightened.
- Use the funnel to pour the recommended amount of new oil into the engine.
- Check the oil level using the dipstick and add more oil if necessary.
- Dispose of the old oil and filter properly at a recycling center.
- Start the engine and let it run for a few minutes to circulate the new oil.
- Turn off the engine and check for any oil leaks.
- Clean up any spills or mess.
- Congratulations, you have successfully changed the engine oil in your Nissan Micra!
The time it takes to complete the oil change can vary depending on your experience and tools, but it generally takes around 30 minutes to an hour.
Replacing transmission fluid in automatic transmission
Frequency of changing transmission fluid in automatic transmission
The frequency of changing the transmission fluid in an automatic transmission can vary depending on the manufacturer’s recommendations. Generally, it is recommended to replace the transmission fluid every 30,000 to 60,000 miles or every 2 to 4 years. However, it’s important to consult the owner’s manual or check with a professional for the specific interval for your Nissan Micra model.
The frequency of transmission fluid replacement can be affected by various factors such as driving conditions, towing heavy loads, and stop-and-go traffic. Severe driving conditions may require more frequent fluid changes. It’s best to follow the manufacturer’s guidelines and consider the recommendations based on your specific driving habits and conditions.
Transmission fluid selection
Here’s a table with the selection of transmission fluid for Nissan Micra:
|Generation||Engine||Fluid Amount||Popular US Brands|
|1 (1982-1992)||1.2L, 1.3L||4 quarts||Mobil 1, Castrol|
|2 (1992-2002)||1.0L, 1.3L||5 quarts||AMSOIL, Royal Purple, Red Line|
|3 (2002-2010)||1.2L, 1.4L||4.2 quarts||Castrol ($27/Gallon), Shell, Mobil 1, Valvoline ($26/Gallon)|
|4 (2010-2017)||1.2L, 1.5L||5.2 quarts||Castrol, Valvoline ($26/Gallon), Red Line|
|5 (2017-present)||0.9L, 1.0L||4.5 quarts||Mobil 1, AMSOIL, Valvoline ($26/Gallon)|
Please note that the catalog numbers and costs are approximate and can vary.
To replace the transmission fluid in a Nissan Micra automatic transmission, you will need the following tools and conditions:
- Ratchet and socket set
- Transmission fluid pump or funnel
- Drain pan
- Clean cloth or paper towels
- Disposable gloves
- Park the car on a level surface
- Ensure the engine is cool
- Have the necessary amount and type of transmission fluid
- Have proper disposal methods for the old fluid
Here’s a step-by-step instruction for beginners on changing the transmission fluid in a Nissan Micra automatic transmission:
- Warm up the engine by running it for a few minutes.
- Park the car on a level surface and engage the parking brake.
- Locate the transmission fluid dipstick, usually labeled with a gear symbol.
- Place a drain pan under the transmission fluid pan.
- Use a ratchet and socket to remove the bolts securing the transmission fluid pan.
- Carefully lower the pan and allow the old fluid to drain into the pan.
- Clean the transmission pan and magnet using a clean cloth or paper towels.
- Remove the old transmission fluid filter, if applicable, and replace it with a new one.
- Install the transmission pan back in place and tighten the bolts securely.
- Locate the transmission fluid fill plug or dipstick tube.
- Use a transmission fluid pump or a funnel to add the recommended amount of new fluid.
- Check the fluid level using the dipstick and add more fluid if necessary.
- Start the engine and let it run for a few minutes.
- Shift through all the gears and then put the transmission in park or neutral.
- Recheck the fluid level and adjust if needed.
- Clean up any spills or mess.
- Dispose of the old fluid properly at a recycling center.
- Congratulations, you have successfully changed the transmission fluid in your Nissan Micra automatic transmission!
The time it takes to complete the transmission fluid change can vary, but it generally takes around 1 to 2 hours.
Possible questions after self-service – FAQ
What problems can arise after an incorrect self-changing engine oil?
If you incorrectly change the engine oil yourself, several problems can arise, including:
- Insufficient lubrication: Using the wrong oil type or not putting in enough oil can lead to insufficient lubrication of engine components. This can cause increased friction and wear, potentially leading to engine damage.
- Overfilling the oil: Adding too much oil can cause excessive pressure inside the engine, leading to leaks, oil foaming, or damage to seals and gaskets.
- Contamination: If you introduce contaminants, such as dirt or debris, into the engine during the oil change process, it can lead to clogged oil filters, reduced engine performance, or even engine failure.
- Incorrect oil viscosity: Using oil with the wrong viscosity for your engine can affect its ability to flow properly and provide adequate lubrication, especially during extreme temperatures.
It is important to follow the manufacturer’s guidelines and recommendations when changing the engine oil to avoid these problems.
How can I check for engine oil leaks after changing it myself?
After changing the engine oil yourself, you can check for oil leaks by following these steps:
- Start the engine and let it run for a few minutes to build up oil pressure.
- Park the car on a clean and dry surface.
- Carefully inspect the area around the oil drain plug, oil filter, and oil filler cap for any signs of fresh oil.
- Use a clean cloth or paper towel to wipe around these areas and check for any oil residue.
- Look underneath the car for any visible oil drips or puddles.
- If you notice any leaks, address them immediately. It could indicate a loose drain plug, faulty oil filter seal, or other issues that need attention.
How to reset the oil change counter on Nissan Micra after service?
To reset the oil change counter on a Nissan Micra after service, you can follow these steps:
- Turn the ignition switch to the “ON” position without starting the engine.
- Press and hold the trip odometer reset button until the maintenance reminder resets. The reset button is usually located on the instrument cluster.
- Release the reset button and turn off the ignition.
- Start the engine to verify that the oil change counter has been reset.
Please note that the exact procedure may vary slightly depending on the model year and trim level of your Nissan Micra. Refer to the owner’s manual for the specific instructions for your vehicle.
What to do with old oil after replacement?
After replacing the engine oil yourself, it’s important to dispose of the old oil properly. Here’s what you can do with the old used engine oil:
- Recycling: Take the old oil to a designated oil recycling center or a local auto parts store that accepts used oil for recycling. They have proper facilities to handle and recycle the oil in an environmentally friendly manner.
- Local collection programs: Check with your local municipality or waste management department for any specific instructions or collection programs for used oil disposal in your area.
- Do not pour it down drains or throw it in the trash: It is crucial not to pour the used oil down drains or dispose of it with regular household waste as it can contaminate water sources and harm the environment.
Remember, it’s important to handle and dispose of used oil responsibly to protect the environment and prevent pollution.