The Ford S-Max is a popular multi-purpose vehicle (MPV) that was introduced in 2006. It was designed to provide families with a practical and comfortable car that could seat up to seven people. The S-Max was developed by the Ford Motor Company and was built on the same platform as the Galaxy and Mondeo models. The first-generation S-Max was produced from 2006 to 2015, while the second-generation model has been in production since 2015.
The first-generation S-Max was a hit with families because of its spacious interior, practicality, and comfort. It had a sleek and stylish design that was ahead of its time, which helped it stand out in a crowded market. The S-Max was also praised for its excellent driving dynamics, which made it feel more like a car than an MPV.
The second-generation S-Max continued to build on the success of the first model. It features a more refined exterior design, upgraded interior features, and improved performance. The second-generation S-Max also comes with a range of safety features, such as adaptive cruise control, lane departure warning, and automatic emergency braking.
- 1 Do I Need to Urgently Change the Oil Right Now?
- 2 Preparing to Change Engine Oil
- 2.1 What Type of Oil Should be Used for a Car?
- 2.2 How to Choose Oil Depending on the Season and Operating Conditions?
- 2.3 What are the advantages and disadvantages of different types of oils for Ford S-Max?
- 2.4 Engine oil selection
- 2.5 Which oil filter is right for you?
- 2.6 Which oil filter is right for you?
- 2.7 Necessary tools and conditions
- 2.8 How to warm up the engine before changing the oil?
- 3 Step-by-step instruction
- 4 Replacing transmission fluid in automatic transmission
- 5 Possible questions after self-service
Do I Need to Urgently Change the Oil Right Now?
Regular oil changes are essential to keep your car running smoothly and to extend its lifespan. However, there may be situations where you need to change the oil more urgently than usual. Here are a few signs that you should change your oil right away:
- The oil is dark and dirty
- The engine is making unusual noises
- The oil pressure warning light is on
- The oil level is low
If you notice any of these signs, it’s best to change your oil as soon as possible to avoid any further damage to your engine.
What is the Frequency (Interval) for Changing Engine Oil?
The frequency for changing engine oil varies depending on the make and model of your car. However, most car manufacturers recommend changing the oil every 5,000 to 7,500 miles or every six months, whichever comes first. This interval may be shorter for cars that are driven in harsh conditions, such as extreme temperatures or dusty environments.
For Ford S-Max models, the recommended oil change interval is every 10,000 miles or once a year, whichever comes first. However, it’s important to note that this interval may change based on your driving habits and conditions. For example, if you frequently drive in stop-and-go traffic or in extreme temperatures, you may need to change your oil more frequently.
Intresting oil change frequency study is the research conducted by Edmunds, in the United States in 2019. The study analyzed over 7 million service records and concluded that most modern cars can go over 10,000 miles (16,000 km) without an oil change.
How to Check the Engine Oil Level?
Checking your engine oil level is a quick and easy process that you can do at home. Here are the steps to follow:
- Make sure your car is parked on a level surface and the engine is cool.
- Locate the dipstick, which is usually near the front of the engine.
- Pull the dipstick out and wipe it clean with a rag.
- Reinsert the dipstick all the way back into the engine.
- Pull the dipstick out again and check the oil level. The oil level should be between the two marks on the dipstick.
- If the oil level is low, add oil as needed.
If you notice that your oil level is consistently low, it’s important to have your car checked by a professional to determine if there is an oil leak or other issue that needs to be addressed.
Visual (Express) Assessment of the Condition of Engine Oil
One way to quickly assess the condition of your engine oil is through visual inspection. Engine oil should typically be a clear, amber color. If the oil appears dark or murky, it may be an indicator of contamination or excessive wear. Additionally, if the oil appears foamy or milky in appearance, this could indicate the presence of water in the oil, which can be a sign of a more serious problem.
Another quick test to determine the state of engine oil is to use a piece of paper. Simply dip a white paper or cloth into the oil and observe the color and texture of the oil on the paper. If the oil is clear and amber in color, it is in good condition. However, if the oil appears dark and gritty, it may be time for an oil change.
Study on visual assessment of motor oil condition is a study conducted by Blackstone Laboratories. The study was carried out in the United States in 2015 and was based on the analysis of over 2 million oil samples sent to the Blackstone Laboratories. The results of the study showed that the visual assessment of motor oil condition may be insufficient to determine the condition of the oil, and that analyzing the chemical composition of the oil can provide a more accurate assessment of its condition.
Preparing to Change Engine Oil
Before changing your engine oil, it’s important to gather all the necessary tools and supplies. Here are some items you’ll need:
- A container to catch the old oil
- A funnel
- A new oil filter
- A new oil pan
- A wrench or socket set
- A new bottle of oil
Additionally, it’s important to make sure your car is parked on a level surface and the engine is cool before beginning the oil change process.
What Type of Oil Should be Used for a Car?
Choosing the right type of oil for your car is essential to ensure that it runs smoothly and efficiently. The type of oil you should use depends on the make and model of your car, as well as the type of engine it has. Most cars require either conventional or synthetic oil.
Conventional oil is a basic oil that is suitable for most everyday driving conditions. Synthetic oil, on the other hand, is designed for high-performance engines or harsh driving conditions. Synthetic oil is more expensive than conventional oil but offers better performance and protection.
When choosing the type of oil for your car, it’s important to refer to your owner’s manual or consult with a professional mechanic to ensure you are using the right type of oil for your specific vehicle.
How to Choose Oil Depending on the Season and Operating Conditions?
In addition to choosing the right type of oil for your car, it’s important to choose the right viscosity or thickness of oil for your specific driving conditions. Viscosity is measured by a number on the oil bottle, such as 5W-30 or 10W-40. The lower the number before the W, the thinner the oil is when cold, while the second number represents the oil’s thickness when hot.
For example, in colder weather conditions, it’s important to choose an oil with a lower viscosity rating, such as 5W-30 or 0W-20. This will ensure that the oil flows easily through the engine during startup. In hotter weather conditions, you may need to use a thicker oil with a higher viscosity rating, such as 10W-40 or 20W-50.
Additionally, if you frequently drive in harsh conditions, such as dusty or dirty environments, you may need to use an oil with a higher viscosity rating or one that is specifically designed for these conditions. Consult with a professional mechanic for advice on which type of oil is best for your specific driving conditions.
What are the advantages and disadvantages of different types of oils for Ford S-Max?
Choosing the right engine oil for your Ford S-Max is crucial for maintaining its performance and longevity. There are different types of oils available, and each has its advantages and disadvantages.
Mineral oil is the most basic type of oil, and it is suitable for older cars that do not require synthetic oil. Its main advantage is that it is relatively cheap, but its performance is not as good as synthetic oil. Synthetic oil, on the other hand, is more expensive but provides better protection and performance. It is suitable for modern cars, including Ford S-Max models.
Semi-synthetic oil is a blend of mineral and synthetic oil. It provides a good balance of performance and cost-effectiveness. However, it is not as good as full synthetic oil in terms of performance and protection.
Engine oil selection
When selecting engine oil for your Ford S-Max, you need to consider the car’s generation, engine type, and operating conditions. Here is a table with the selection of engine oil for a Ford S-Max car of all generations:
|Generation (Year of Manufacture)||Engine||Suitable Oil Viscosity||Popular American Brand||Required Amount of Oil||Article Number||Approximate Cost in the USA|
|1st (2006-2015)||1.8L||5W-30||Mobil 1, Valvoline, Pennzoil||4.2L||FL-910S||$6-$12|
|2nd (2015-2019)||2.0L EcoBoost, 2.3L EcoBoost||5W-30||Royal Purple, Castrol, Mobil 1||4.8L||FL-910S||$6-$12|
|3rd (2020-Present)||2.0L EcoBoost, 2.3L EcoBoost||0W-20||Pennzoil, Mobil 1, Valvoline||4.8L||FL-910S||$6-$12|
Note that the oil viscosity and brand may vary depending on the engine type and operating conditions. Always refer to your car’s manual for the correct oil specifications.
Which oil filter is right for you?
In addition to engine oil, you also need to choose the right oil filter for your Ford S-Max. Here is a table with the selection of oil filters for Ford S-Max of all generations:
|Generation (Year of Manufacture)||Engine||Popular American Brand of Oil Filters||Catalog Number||Approximate Cost|
|1st (2006-2015)||1.8L||Motorcraft, Purolator, K&N||FL-910S||$4-$8|
|2nd (2015-2019)||2.0L EcoBoost, 2.3L EcoBoost||Bosch, FRAM, Motorcraft||FL-910S||$4-$8|
|3rd (2020-Present)||2.0L EcoBoost, 2.3L EcoBoost||WIX, Mobil 1, AC Delco||FL-910S||$4-$8|
Which oil filter is right for you?
When it comes to selecting an oil filter for your Ford S-Max, it is important to choose a high-quality filter that is specifically designed for your car’s engine. Here is a table of oil filters for Ford S-Max of all generations:
|Generation (Year)||Engine||Popular Brands of Oil Filters in the USA||Catalog Number||Approximate Cost|
|1 (2006-2010)||Duratec 2.3L I4||Motorcraft||FL910S||$8-12|
|2 (2010-2015)||Duratec 2.0L/2.3L/2.5L I4||Fram, WIX, K&N||PH6607, 57356, HP-1002||$6-15|
|3 (2015-present)||EcoBoost 1.5L/2.0L I4, Duratorq 2.0L I4||Purolator, Bosch, Mobil 1||PL10241, D3323, M1C-251A||$7-20|
As you can see, there are a few different options to choose from depending on your car’s generation and engine. It is important to note that the catalog number and cost may vary depending on your location and supplier.
Necessary tools and conditions
If you are planning on changing the engine oil in your Ford S-Max yourself, there are a few tools and conditions you will need to prepare beforehand. Here is a list of what you will need:
- Engine oil (check your car manual for the correct type and amount)
- Oil filter (as per the table above)
- Oil drain pan
- Socket wrench set
- Oil filter wrench (if needed)
- Jack and jack stands (if needed)
- Gloves and safety glasses
Before you start, make sure that your car is parked on level ground and that the engine is cool. It is also a good idea to have some rags or paper towels handy to clean up any spills or drips. Finally, make sure that you dispose of the old oil and filter in an environmentally friendly manner, such as taking them to a local recycling center or automotive store.
How to warm up the engine before changing the oil?
It is crucial to warm up the engine before changing the oil in your Ford S-Max. This is because warm oil flows more easily, and it will carry away more dirt and contaminants. To properly warm up your engine, start your car and let it idle for about 5-10 minutes. During this time, the oil will heat up to its optimal operating temperature. If you have been driving your car before the oil change, you should wait at least 20-30 minutes before starting the oil change to ensure that the oil has had enough time to settle.
Changing the oil in your Ford S-Max is not a difficult task, and it can save you time and money. Here is a step-by-step guide for beginners to change their Ford S-Max engine oil:
- Prepare your car: Park your car on a level surface, turn off the engine, and engage the handbrake. Gather all the necessary tools and equipment for the job, including a wrench, a drain pan, and a new oil filter.
- Drain the old oil: Locate the oil drain plug under the car and use a wrench to loosen it. Place the drain pan beneath the drain plug and remove the plug. Let the oil drain out completely. Make sure the oil has completely drained before proceeding.
- Replace the oil filter: Remove the old oil filter with an oil filter wrench, and then install the new oil filter. Make sure that the gasket on the new oil filter is properly lubricated with oil.
- Add new oil: Replace the drain plug and add new oil. Use a funnel to pour the oil into the engine. Refer to the owner’s manual for the correct amount and viscosity of oil to use.
- Check the oil level: Start the engine and let it run for a minute or so. Turn off the engine and check the oil level with the dipstick. If the level is too low, add more oil. If the level is too high, remove some oil.
- Dispose of the old oil: Properly dispose of the used oil. You can take it to a local auto parts store or mechanic who will recycle it for you.
The entire process should take about 30-45 minutes, depending on your experience and the tools you have available. By following these simple steps, you can save yourself a trip to the mechanic and have the satisfaction of doing the job yourself.
Replacing transmission fluid in automatic transmission
Automatic transmission fluid (ATF) is an essential component for the proper functioning of your car’s transmission system. Over time, ATF can become contaminated and less effective, which can lead to transmission failure if not replaced regularly. Here’s everything you need to know about replacing transmission fluid in an automatic transmission.
What is the frequency (interval) of changing the transmission fluid in an automatic transmission?
The frequency of changing the transmission fluid in an automatic transmission varies depending on the manufacturer’s recommendation and the driving conditions. Generally, it is recommended to change the transmission fluid every 30,000 to 60,000 miles or every 2 to 4 years, whichever comes first. However, in some cases, it may be necessary to change the transmission fluid more frequently, such as when towing heavy loads or driving in extreme temperatures.
What transmission fluid to choose?
Choosing the right transmission fluid for your Ford S-Max is essential to ensure that it functions correctly. Here is a table with the selection of transmission fluid for the Ford S-Max:
|Generation (Year)||Engine||Required Amount||Popular Brands in the US||Catalog Number||Approximate Cost (USD)|
|1 (2006-2015)||2.0L Duratorq TDCi diesel engine||7.4 quarts||Valvoline MaxLife ATF, Mobil 1 Synthetic ATF, Castrol Transmax Import Multi-Vehicle ATF||VV324, 112980, 06812||$35-$45|
|2 (2015-2021)||2.0L EcoBoost engine||8.8 quarts||Mobil 1 Synthetic ATF, Valvoline MaxLife ATF, Castrol Transmax Import Multi-Vehicle ATF||112980, VV324, 06812||$35-$45|
It is essential to use the recommended transmission fluid and to follow the manufacturer’s instructions when changing the fluid to ensure optimal performance and avoid any potential damage to the transmission system.
In conclusion, replacing transmission fluid in an automatic transmission is a critical maintenance task that should not be overlooked. By following the recommended interval and using the appropriate transmission fluid, you can ensure the longevity and optimal performance of your Ford S-Max.
Before starting the transmission fluid replacement process, you need to prepare the necessary tools and materials. Here are the things you will need:
- Transmission fluid pump or siphon
- Drain pan or bucket
- New transmission fluid (make sure to check the owner’s manual for the right type and amount)
- Wrench or socket set (to remove the drain plug and the pan bolts)
- New transmission filter (optional)
- Gasket or sealant (if needed)
- Safety glasses and gloves
Changing the transmission fluid in your Ford S-Max’s automatic transmission is a crucial part of its maintenance routine. Here’s a step-by-step guide to help you with the process:
Step 1: Warm up the transmission
Start the car and let it idle for a few minutes to warm up the transmission fluid. This will help the fluid flow out more easily when you drain it.
Step 2: Drain the old fluid
Locate the drain plug at the bottom of the transmission pan and use a wrench or socket set to loosen and remove it. Make sure to place the drain pan or bucket underneath the plug to catch the old fluid. Once the fluid has drained out completely, reinstall the drain plug.
Step 3: Remove the pan and old filter (optional)
Use a socket set or wrench to remove the bolts that hold the transmission pan in place. Be careful not to damage the pan or the gasket. Once the pan is removed, you can access the old filter. If you’re replacing the filter, remove it by pulling it down and out of the transmission. If you’re not replacing the filter, skip to step 5.
Step 4: Install the new filter (optional)
Install the new filter by pushing it up into the transmission until it clicks into place.
Step 5: Clean the pan and install the new gasket or sealant
Clean the transmission pan thoroughly with a clean rag or a solvent. If the gasket is damaged, replace it with a new one. Alternatively, you can use sealant to create a new gasket.
Step 6: Reinstall the pan and fill with new fluid
Reinstall the pan and the bolts that hold it in place. Tighten the bolts to the specified torque value. Use a funnel to add the new transmission fluid through the dipstick tube. Check the owner’s manual for the recommended amount and type of fluid. Once you’ve added enough fluid, start the engine and let it run for a few minutes. Then, check the fluid level again and add more if necessary.
That’s it! You’ve successfully changed the transmission fluid in your Ford S-Max’s automatic transmission. This process can take around 1-2 hours, depending on your experience level and whether you’re also replacing the filter. Remember to dispose of the old fluid properly and wear safety glasses and gloves at all times.
Possible questions after self-service
What problems can arise after an incorrect self-changing engine oil? (heading, h3) Improper engine oil changing can lead to a variety of issues, such as engine overheating, increased engine wear and tear, and even engine failure. Here are some of the problems that can occur after an incorrect self-changing engine oil:
- Engine overheating: If the wrong type of oil or an insufficient amount of oil is used, the engine may overheat, leading to engine damage or failure.
- Increased engine wear and tear: Using the wrong oil viscosity can cause increased engine wear and tear, resulting in reduced engine life.
- Formation of sludge and deposits: Inadequate cleaning of the engine during oil replacement can lead to the formation of sludge and deposits, which can clog the engine’s oil passages and lead to engine damage.
- Poor fuel economy: Using the wrong oil can cause poor fuel economy, as it can lead to increased engine friction and reduced engine performance.
How can I check for engine oil leaks after changing it myself?
Checking for oil leaks is an important step after changing the engine oil yourself. Here’s how to do it:
- Wait for the engine to cool down and park the car on a level surface.
- Open the hood and inspect the oil filter and drain plug for any signs of oil leaks.
- Use a clean rag to wipe the area around the oil filter and drain plug.
- Start the engine and let it run for a few minutes.
- Turn off the engine and inspect the area around the oil filter and drain plug again for any signs of oil leaks.
- Check the oil level on the dipstick to make sure it is within the recommended range.
- If you detect any oil leaks, address the issue immediately by tightening the oil filter or drain plug, or replacing the gasket if necessary.
How to reset the oil change counter?
After an oil change on your Ford S-Max, the oil change counter needs to be reset. Here’s how to do it:
- Turn the ignition to the ON position.
- Press the SETUP button on the dashboard until you see the Oil Life Reset option.
- Press and hold the RESET button until the display shows “Oil Life Resetting.”
- Release the RESET button once the display shows “Oil Life Reset Complete.”
- Turn off the ignition.
What to do with old oil after replacement?
Proper disposal of used engine oil is essential to protect the environment. Here are some steps to follow:
- Place the used oil in a clean, leak-proof container with a secure lid.
- Take the used oil to a recycling center or automotive store that accepts used oil for recycling.
- If you cannot find a recycling center, take the used oil to a hazardous waste disposal facility.
- Do not pour the used oil down the drain or into the soil, as it can contaminate water sources and harm the environment.
By following these steps, you can ensure that your used engine oil is disposed of safely and responsibly.